oauth2

Pub build status

A class containing handlers that can be used within Angel to build a spec-compliant OAuth 2.0 server, including PKCE support.

Installation

In your pubspec.yaml:

dependencies:
  angel_framework: ^2.0.0-alpha
  angel_oauth2: ^2.0.0

Usage

Your server needs to have definitions of at least two types:

  • One model that represents a third-party application (client) trying to access a user's profile.
  • One that represents a user logged into the application.

Define a server class as such:

import 'package:angel_oauth2/angel_oauth2.dart' as oauth2;

class MyServer extends oauth2.AuthorizationServer<Client, User> {}

Then, implement the findClient and verifyClient to ensure that the server class can not only identify a client application via a client_id, but that it can also verify its identity via a client_secret.

class _Server extends AuthorizationServer<PseudoApplication, Map> {
  final Uuid _uuid = new Uuid();

  @override
  FutureOr<PseudoApplication> findClient(String clientId) {
    return clientId == pseudoApplication.id ? pseudoApplication : null;
  }

  @override
  Future<bool> verifyClient(
      PseudoApplication client, String clientSecret) async {
    return client.secret == clientSecret;
  }
}

Next, write some logic to be executed whenever a user visits the authorization endpoint. In many cases, you will want to show a dialog:

@override
Future requestAuthorizationCode(
  PseudoApplication client,
  String redirectUri,
  Iterable<String> scopes,
  String state,
  RequestContext req,
  ResponseContext res) async {
  res.render('dialog');
}

Now, write logic that exchanges an authorization code for an access token, and optionally, a refresh token.

@override
Future<AuthorizationCodeResponse> exchangeAuthCodeForAccessToken(
  String authCode,
  String redirectUri,
  RequestContext req,
  ResponseContext res) async {
    return new AuthorizationCodeResponse('foo', refreshToken: 'bar');
}

Now, set up some routes to point the server.

void pseudoCode() {
  app.group('/oauth2', (router) {
    router
      ..get('/authorize', server.authorizationEndpoint)
      ..post('/token', server.tokenEndpoint);
  });
}

The authorizationEndpoint and tokenEndpoint handle all OAuth2 grant types.

Other Grants

By default, all OAuth2 grant methods will throw a 405 Method Not Allowed error. To support any specific grant type, all you need to do is implement the method. The following are available, not including authorization code grant support (mentioned above):

  • implicitGrant
  • resourceOwnerPasswordCredentialsGrant
  • clientCredentialsGrant
  • deviceCodeGrant

Read the OAuth2 specification for in-depth information on each grant type.

PKCE

In some cases, you will be using OAuth2 on a mobile device, or on some other public client, where the client cannot have a client secret.

In such a case, you may consider using PKCE.

Both the authorizationEndpoint and tokenEndpoint inject a Pkce factory into the request, so it can be used as follows:

@override
Future requestAuthorizationCode(
    PseudoApplication client,
    String redirectUri,
    Iterable<String> scopes,
    String state,
    RequestContext req,
    ResponseContext res) async {
  // Automatically throws an error if the request doesn't contain the
  // necessary information.
  var pkce = req.container.make<Pkce>();

  // At this point, store `pkce.codeChallenge` and `pkce.codeChallengeMethod`,
  // so that when it's time to exchange the auth code for a token, we can
  // create a new [Pkce] object, and verify the client.
  return await getAuthCodeSomehow(client, pkce.codeChallenge, pkce.codeChallengeMethod); 
}

@override
Future<AuthorizationTokenResponse> exchangeAuthorizationCodeForToken(
    String authCode,
    String redirectUri,
    RequestContext req,
    ResponseContext res) async {
  // When exchanging the authorization code for a token, we'll need
  // a `code_verifier` from the client, so that we can ensure
  // that the correct client is trying to use the auth code.
  //
  // If none is present, an OAuth2 exception is thrown.
  var codeVerifier = await getPkceCodeVerifier(req);

  // Next, we'll need to retrieve the code challenge and code challenge method
  // from earlier.
  var codeChallenge = await getTheChallenge();
  var codeChallengeMethod = await getTheChallengeMethod();

  // Make a new [Pkce] object.
  var pkce = new Pkce(codeChallengeMethod, codeChallenge);

  // Call `validate`. If the client is invalid, it throws an OAuth2 exception.
  pkce.validate(codeVerifier);

  // If we reach here, we know that the `code_verifier` was valid,
  // so we can return our authorization token as per usual.
  return new AuthorizationTokenResponse('...');
}

Libraries

angel_oauth2