Apps Script Tools

This is not an official Google product. It is not supported by the Dart team.

This package is still in an experimental state.

This package provides tools for using dart2js-compiled programs as Google Apps scripts.

The gsify program adds boilerplate and necessary preambles, and the upload program uploads the resulting gs script to Google Drive.

The main program makes the development process easier by automatically using those two tools whenever the input JS file is changed.

See also clasp for a similar tool that isn't specialized for Dart, but supports more operations.


The most common use case is to watch the output file of a dart2js compilation and upload it as Google Apps script whenever it changes.

This is accomplished with the main-script (aka apps_script_watch when enabled through pub global activate).

In its simplest form it just needs two arguments: the input file and a Google Drive destination. Every time the input file changes (and also initially at startup) it converts the JS file into a valid Google Apps script (prefixing it with a necessary preamble) and then uploads it to Google drive at the given location. (This requires an OAuth authentication).

Similar to gsify it can also add stub functions (see "Stub Functions" below) or the /* @OnlyCurrentDoc */ or /* @NotOnlyCurrentDoc */ comments (see

Note that Google Apps script must be compiled with the --cps flag of dart2js.


pub global activate apps_script_tools
apps_script_watch in.js folder/script_name

or, without running pub global activate

pub global run apps_script_tools:main in.js folder/script_name


The gsify executable converts a dart2js-compiled program into a valid Google Apps script. It prefixes the necessary preamble and optionally add some stub functions, and /* @OnlyCurrentDoc */ or /* @NotOnlyCurrentDoc */ comments (see

The input file must be the output of dart2js with the --cps flag.


pub global activate apps_script_tools
apps_script_gsify in.js

The following example adds the /* @OnlyCurrentDoc */ comment and a stub-function called onOpen:

apps_script_gsify -s onOpen --only-current-document in.js


upload takes a valid Google Apps script and uploads it to Google Drive.

If there exists already a Google Apps script at the provided destination replaces the content with the given input script. This only works if the existing Google Apps script only contains one source file.

The destination may be prefixed with folders (which must exist).

This script uses Google APIs and thus requires an OAuth authentication which is cached for future uses.


pub global activate apps_script_tools
apps_script_upload folder/script_name


run executes the uploaded script. Scripts must be run in the same Google Cloud project as the Google API that makes the invocation. This means that the request to run the script must use a clientId/Secret that is provided by the user.

See below ("Remote Script Execution") for detailed instructions on how to set this up.

Stub Functions

Whenever the Google Apps Script service needs to call into the provided script it needs to statically see the target function. That is, the provided JavaScript must contain a function with the given name. For example, Spreadsheet Addons that want to add a menu entry must have a statically visible onOpen function. The output of dart2js avoids modifying the global environment and the current JS interop functionality does not give any means to export a Dart function. To work around this limitation, one can use a stub function that is then overwritten from within the Dart program.

Concretely, running main or gsify with -s onOpen will add the following JavaScript function to the generated .gs:

function onOpen() {}

From within Dart one can then use JS interop to overwrite this function before it is invoked:

library main;

import 'package:js/js.dart';

external set onOpen(value);

void onOpenDart(e) {
  // Run on-open things like adding a menu.

main() {
  onOpen = allowInterop(onOpenDart);

This (or a similar setup) must be done for any function that the Apps framework wants to use as an entry point. This includes simple triggers (see, the menu entries, and callbacks from html services (

Running Scripts

Using the Script Editor

The easiest way to run a script is to upload it (using one of the provided tools), and then run a function from within the Script Editor.

The Script Editor is not connected by default in Google Drive. If the uploaded script doesn't open on double-click: go to "New" -> "More" -> "Connect more apps" and connect "Google Apps Script".

The Editor allows to run (statically visible) functions directly.

Bound Scripts / Addons

Scripts that should be run on an opened document/spreadsheet are called "bound scripts" or "addons".

The Script Editor has a convenient 'Test as add-on...' functionality which opens a file with the script running as add-on.

As a Shared Library

Instead of using Script Editor's "Test as add-on...", one can also create a bound script directly and then use the uploaded script as a shared library. This approach has the advantage that the script will also be loaded when the document is opened outside the editor. It also makes it possible for other users to use the script without needing to publish it.

  1. Create a saved version of the script you want to use as a shared library. (File -> Manage versions).
  2. Create a bound script: "Tools" -> "Script Editor" from within a open file (document, spreadsheet, ...).
  3. Save the project and give it a name.
  4. Link the uploaded script as shared library: Resources -> Libraries -> Add a library. Don't forget to enable the "Development mode". This way uploads to the script are immediately visible to you (but not other users).

Once that's in place, one just needs to forward functions to the shared library. For example, the following bound script forwards the onOpen and hello functions from the bound script to the shared library (imported with the identifier "dart"):

function onOpen(e) { dart.onOpen(e); }
function demo() { dart.demo(); }

Interestingly, it's not necessary to forward menu functions. In fact, it's possible to create menu entries that call immediately into the shared library. In this case, the function does not even need a stub.

For development it's thus convenient to forward the prefix to Dart's onOpen function:

function onOpen(e) { dart.onOpen(e, "dart"); }

Inside Dart, one can then use this information to set up menu entries without needing to deal with forwarders or stub functions.

external set onOpen(value);

external set hello(value);

void onOpenDart(e, [String prefix]) {
  if (prefix == null) {
    prefix = "";
  } else {
    prefix = "$prefix.";
      .addItem("hello", "${prefix}hello")

void helloDart() {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi().alert("Hello World");

main() {
  onOpen = allowInterop(onOpenDart);
  hello = allowInterop(helloDart);

Using Google APIs

Google Apps script that have been uploaded to Google Drive can be invoked with Google API calls. The Executing Functions using the Apps Script API Guide explains how to remotely execute a specified Apps Script function.

Fundamentally, the call needs the following information:

  • the ID of the script project which can be found in the project's properties (see "Shared Library" above).
  • the name of the function to execute. The corresponding Dart function must be exported with a stub (see above).
  • the arguments.

However, the API has one important restriction: the script being called and the calling application must share a Cloud Platform project.

One can either use the default one created for each script, or move the script to a different project:

The walk-through below details the necessary steps.


This section step-by-step instructions on common tasks.

For all examples we assume a pubspec.yaml depending on the google-apps and js package:

name: example
description: Example for Google Apps scripting in Dart.
version: 0.0.1
author: <Insert Author>

  sdk: '>=1.20.1 <2.0.0'

  js: ^0.6.1
  google_apps: ^0.0.1

Create Document

In this example we write a script that creates a new document.

Create the following bin/doc.dart file inside your project:

library example;

import 'package:js/js.dart';
import 'package:google_apps/document.dart';

external set create(value);

void createDart() {
  var document = DocumentApp.create("doc- ${new}");
  var body = document.getBody();
  body.appendParagraph("Created from Dart").editAsText().setFontSize(32);

void main() {
  create = allowInterop(createDart);

Compile it with dart2js:

$ dart2js --csp -o out.js bin/doc.dart

Upload it Google Drive as a Google Apps script:

$ apps_script_watch -s create out.js docs_create

After authentication, the tool uploads the script as Google Apps script.

Open it in Google Drive. If it doesn't work ("No preview available") connect the "Google Apps Script" app first:

  1. New -> More -> Connect more apps
  2. Search for Google Apps Script and connect it.

In the editor select "create" in the listed functions and press run:

Image of selecting create

The first time the script is run it will ask for permissions, and then create a new Google Docs document.

Hello World Addon

In this section we create a script that is bound to a document.

First create a new spreadsheet. Alternatively you can create a Google Docs document, but you would need to change a few lines below.

Create the following bin/sheet.dart program:

library hello_docs;

import 'package:js/js.dart';
import 'package:google_apps/spreadsheet.dart';

external set sayHello(value);

external set onOpen(value);

void sayHelloDart() {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi().alert("Hello world");

void onOpenDart(e) {
      .createMenu("from dart")
      .addItem("say hello", "sayHello")

main(List<String> arguments) {
  onOpen = allowInterop(onOpenDart);
  sayHello = allowInterop(sayHelloDart);

Compile it with dart2js:

dart2js --csp -o out.js bin/sheet.dart

Upload it to Google Drive:

$ apps_script_watch -s onOpen -s sayHello out.js hello

Open the uploaded script in the Apps Script Editor. If a double-click on the script doesn't work ("No preview available") see the first example.

In the editor run the application by testing it as an addon:

Image of testing as addon

Note that the script will add an entry in the Add-ons menu. If the script had been run as a bound script, it would add the menu directly into the main menu. We can achieve this effect by using the uploaded code as a shared library.

Shared Library

Go back to the script editor from where we launched the add-on test.

Save a new version: File -> Manage versions

Find the script-id. It's available in the URL, or in "File" -> "Project properties".

Now go back to the spreadsheet where we want to run this script in.

From within the spreadsheet open the Script editor ("Tools" -> "Script Editor").

Copy the following code into the editor (usually ""):

function onOpen(e) { hello.onOpen(e); }
function sayHello() { hello.sayHello(); }

Save the project and give it a name.

Go into "Resources" -> "Libraries".

Add a new library, using the script-id we retrieved earlier.

Use the latest version.

Verify that the "Identifier" is correctly set to "hello". (You can also use a different identifier, but then you need to update "").

Enable "Development mode". This way a new upload of the apps script is immediately used. Note, however, that other users only see the selected saved version.

Open the spreadsheet again (or reload it). It should now add a new menu entry "from dart".

Remote Script Execution

Start by finishing the "Create Document" tutorial above. You should now have a script "docs_create" in Google Drive.

Open it with the Script Editor.

First retrieve the project id and the necessary scopes for this project:

  • "File" -> "Project properties"
  • Write down the Script ID
  • Switch to the "Scopes" tab
  • Write down the listed scopes (it should just be one: "").

Publish the script so that the Script's API can find it: "Publish" -> "Deploy as API executable".

Now go to "Resources" -> "Cloud Platform project".

In the opened window, the editor shows the project the script is currently associated with. Click on the link. This brings you to the "Google Cloud Platform" page.

In the "Getting Started" section click on "Enable APIs and get credentials like keys".

Enable the Scripting API:

  • Search for "Google Apps Script API" and Enable it.

Create new OAuth credentials:

  • Go to the Credentials tab.
  • Click on the "Create Credentials" pop-down and select "OAuth client ID".
  • Chose "Other" and enter a name.

A new window reveals a "client ID" and "client secret".

Use those two strings as follows to run the script remotely from the command line:

$ pub global run apps_script_tools:run -s [SCOPE] --client-id [CLIENT_ID] --client-secret [CLIENT_SECRET] [SCRIPT_ID] create

If there are multiple scopes, each of them must have its own "-s" parameter to the run script.

If the script takes parameters, they can be added after the function name.

Features and bugs

Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.