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Catalyst

Catalyst is a dependency injection container for the dart language. It's fast, reliable and easy to understand.

📦 Installation

Add the following to your pubspec.yaml:

dependencies:
  catalyst: ^2.0.0

Then run pub get

💡 Usage

Importing

import 'package:catalyst/catalyst.dart';

Register Services

To register a service you have to call the register-method.

Container.register(String id, dynamic service, [List<dynamic> arguments])
ParameterDescriptionExample
idThe unique id of the serviceapp.my_service
serviceThe service target(int a) => a * 2
argumentsThe arguments for the service. Entries with @-prefix are service references[1, 'foo', bar]

Register a service with static arguments

Since not all services need an service injection, the arguments array also supports static entries.

Container container = new Container();

container.register('app.my_service', (String name) {
  return 'Hello $name';
}, ['Your Name']);

var knownServices = container.registeredServices; // Contains the registered Service 

Register a service with a service dependency

In most cases you need another registered service in your service. In that case you can pass the service name with a @-prefix to reference to it. The (sub-) dependencies are solved recursively.

Container container = new Container();

container.register('app.another_service', () {
  return {'name': 'Jane', 'age': '24'};
});

container.register('app.my_service', (dynamic anotherService) {
return "Name: ${anotherService['name']}, Age: ${anotherService['age']}";
}, ['@app.another_service']);

print(container.get('app.my_service')); // Outputs "Name: Jane, Age: 24"

Register a class as a service

You can also register a class as a service. If the service is loaded, the constructor gets called with the dependencies.

main() {
  Container container = new Container();

  // Register the first service
  container.register('namer', () => 'John Doe');

  // Register the second service. The constructor will be called with the passed arguments
  container.register('greeter', Greeter, ['@namer']);

  // Retrieve the greeter
  var greeter = container.get('greeter');

  // Greet
  print(greeter.greet()); // Outputs "Hello, my Name is John Doe!"
}

class Greeter {
  String name;

  Greeter(this.name) {}

  String greet() {
    return "Hello, my Name is $name!";
  }
}

Load a service

To load a service you have to call the get-method.
Once a service is loaded, it remains in memory at runtime. When the same service is loaded again, the first instance is returned.

Container.get(String id)
ParameterDescriptionExample
idThe unique id of the service.app.my_service
Container container = new Container();

// Register the first service
container.register('namer', () => 'Catalyst');

container.get('namer'); // returns "Catalyst"

Add Parameters

The service container also supports static parameters.
You can add a parameter using the addParameter-method

Container.addParameter(String name, dynamic value)
ParameterDescriptionExample
nameThe unique name of the parameter.database.host
valueThe parameter valuelocalhost

To pass a parameter to a service, add before and after the name a '%': %name.of.the.parameter%

Container container = new Container();
container.addParameter('database.host', 'localhost');

container.register('db.context', (String hostname) {
return 'Connecting to $hostname';
}, ['%database.host%']);

print(container.get('db.context')); // Outputs "Connecting to localhost"

🔌 Service auto wiring

Catalyst supports auto wiring of services. That means, that you only need to register the service without passing depending service names as arguments. (Strong typing is required).

For example:

main() {
  Container container = new Container();
  container.register('greeter', SimpleGreeter);
  container.register('greeting_printer', (SimpleGreeter greeter) {
    print(greeter.greet('Catalyst'));
  });

  container.get('greeting_printer'); // Outputs "Hello from Catalyst!"
}

class SimpleGreeter {

  String greet(String name) {
    return "Hello from $name!";
  }
}

You can disable this behaviour with setting Container.autoWire = false;

🔬 Testing

$ pub run test

🤝 Contribute

Feel free to fork and add pull-requests 🤓

Libraries

Catalyst