A library for Dart developers for work with CouchDB

Created under a MIT-style license.

Overview

CouchDB is a database that completely embraces the web. Store your data with JSON documents. Access your documents with your web browser, via HTTP.

A basic understanding of CouchDB is required to using this library. Detailed information can be found at the official documentation site.

API

The connection to the database, along with authentication, is hadled via CouchDbClient for both web and server environments.

Available three types of authentication:

- Basic
- Cookie
- Proxy

For Basic authentication simply pass username and password to constructor:

final c = CouchDbClient(username: 'name', password: 'pass');

For Cookie authentication you also must provide auth parameter and then call authenticate() method (note that cookies are valid for 10 minutes by default, other expiration you may specify in Expiration header):

final c = CouchDbClient(username: 'name', password: 'pass', auth: 'cookie');
final res = await c.authenticate();

authenticate(), logout() are suitable only for cookie authentication. userInfo() are suitable for all auth types.

For Proxy authentication pass username to constructor and provide

  • X-Auth-CouchDB-UserName: username (by default is used username that is passed to constructor, so it can be skipped);
  • X-Auth-CouchDB-Roles: comma-separated (,) list of user roles;
  • X-Auth-CouchDB-Token: authentication token. When proxy_use_secret is set (which is strongly recommended!), this header provides an HMAC of the username to authenticate and the secret token to prevent requests from untrusted sources (by default are used username and secret that are passed to constructor, so it can be skipped).

headers:

final c = CouchDbClient(username: 'name', auth: 'proxy', secret: '92de07df7e7a3fe14808cef90a7cc0d91');
c.modifyRequestHeaders(<String, String>{
  'X-Auth-CouchDB-Roles': 'users,blogger'
});

Note that X-Auth-CouchDB-Token isn't required if proxy_use_secret sets to false.

[couch_httpd_auth]
proxy_use_secret = false

Otherwise you may provide secret option which is used to generate token. The secret key should be the same on the client and the CouchDB node:

[couch_httpd_auth]
secret = 92de07df7e7a3fe14808cef90a7cc0d91

To use this authentication method make sure that the {chttpd_auth, proxy_authentication_handler} value in added to the list of the active chttpd/authentication_handlers:

[chttpd]
authentication_handlers = {chttpd_auth, cookie_authentication_handler}, {chttpd_auth, proxy_authentication_handler}, {chttpd_auth, default_authentication_handler}

You can communicate with the server directly if you wish via the http client methods such as get() and post(), however, other classes provide functions which can abstract away the particulars of HTTP, therefore using these client methods directly is not the way you will typically use this library.

Every supported method: HEAD, GET, POST, PUT and COPY - has an Accept header with default value as application/json, and POST and PUT both have a Content-Type header with default value as application/json. You can override this if you need.

All requests, both those by the basic http methods, as well as those by the other classes we will go over in a moment, return a DbResponse object. It is contain an DbResponse.json property (Map type) that contain JSON that was sent by CouchDB, DbResponse.raw property (String type) for responses that aren't valid JSON (numbers, lists, files) and DbResponse.headers property that contains headers of the response. In order to gets concrete object representation of the response you may call methods of the DbResponse class that can return:

- ServerModelResponse
- DatabaseModelResponse
- DocumentModelResponse
- DesignDocumentModelResponse
- LocalDocumentModelResponse
- ErrorResponse

Each of these class have specific properties that can be provided by CouchDB according to categories of API decribed below.

Categories

All of the API is divided into five areas or categories, each representing a different aspect of the database overall. These five categories are:

1. Server
2. Database
3. Documents
4. Design documents
5. Local documents
1: Server

Represented by the ServerModel class. This class provides server-level interaction with CouchDB, such as managing replication or obtaining basic information about the server. Also it includes info about authentication and current user (methods in CouchDbClient class).

2: Database

A Database in CouchDB is a single document store located on the given database server. This part of the API is represented by the DatabaseModel class. You will use this class for interacting with your data on a database level; for example creating a new database or preforming a query to search for certain documents.

3: Documents

You will use the DocumentModel class to interact with the data on a document level. This would include functions such as fetching a specific document, adding a new document, or attaching a file to a document. Note that this class does not model the documents themselves, but rather your interactions with them. The documents themselves are represented as Maps.

4: Design Documents

Represented by the DesignDocumentModel, design documents provide views of data in the database.

5: Local Documents

Local documents are no different than normal documents, with the exception that they are not copied to other instances of CouchDB during replication. You will interact with them via the LocalDocumentModel class.

CORS

If your application aren't on the same origin with CouchDB instance or you using different ports on server, then the remote CouchDB must be configured with the following options:

[httpd]
enable_cors = true
[cors]
origins = *
credentials = true
methods = GET, PUT, POST, HEAD, DELETE, COPY
headers = accept, authorization, content-type, origin, referer, x-csrf-token

(Change these settings either in Fauxton or in the local.ini file).

Usage

A simple usage example:

import 'package:couchdb/couchdb.dart';

Future<void> main() async {
  final client = CouchDbClient(username: 'name', password: 'password');
  final dbModel = DatabaseModel(client);
  final docModel = DocumentModel(client);

  try {
    final DbResponse commonResponse = await dbModel.allDocs('some_db');
    final DatabaseModelResponse response1 = commonResponse.databaseModelResponse();

    for (var i in response1.rows) {
      // Some code here
    }

    final DbResponse response2 = await docModel.doc('another_db', 'some_id');

    var thing = response2.json['some_attribute'];

  } on CouchDbException catch (e) {
    print('$e - error');
  }
}

Features and bugs

Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.

With ❤️ to CouchDB

Libraries

couchdb
A library for interacting with CouchDB via server applications or browser-based clients [...]