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🔥 flame

A minimalist Flutter game engine.

Any help is appreciated! Comment, suggestions, issues, PR's! Give us a star to help!

Help

We have a Flame help channel on Fireslime's Discord, join it here

Goals

The goal of this project is to provided a complete set of out-of-the-way solutions for the common problems every game developed in Flutter will share.

Currently it provides you with: a few utilities, images/sprites/sprite sheets, audio, a game loop and a component/object system.

You can use whatever ones you want, as they are all somewhat independent.

Support us by becoming a patron on Patreon

Patreon

External Modules

Flame is modular, and you can always pick and choose. Some modules are extracted to separate plugins; some are bundled with flame, and some must be added separately.

  • audioplayers is the audio engine behind flame. It's included.

  • tiled adds support for parsing and using TMX files from Tiled. It's included.

  • box2d adds wrappers over Box2D for the physics engine. It's included.

  • flame_gamepad adds support to gamepad. Android only. It's not included, add to your pubspec as desired.

  • play_games integrates to Google Play Games Services (GPGS). Adds login, achievements, saved games and leaderboard. Android only. It's not included, add to your pubspec as desired. Be sure to check the instructions on how to configure, as it's not trivial.

Usage

Just drop it in your pubspec.yaml:

dependencies:
  flame: ^0.11.1

And start using it!

Be sure to be using at least Flutter beta channel (1.4.9-hotfix.1). There was a breaking change on Flutter that we fixed but it's not on the stable channel yet. We intend to switch to stable once this change is released. For more information about flutter channels, please check this link.

Documentation

The complete documentation can be found here.

A very cool docs site can be found here.

Getting started

Check out this great series of articles/tutorials written by Alekhin

Structure

The only structure you are required to comply is a assets folder with two sub folders: audio and images.

An example:

  Flame.audio.play('explosion.mp3');

  Flame.images.load('player.png');
  Flame.images.load('enemy.png');

The file structure would have to be:

.
└── assets
    ├── audio
    │   └── explosion.mp3
    └── images
        ├── enemy.png
        └── player.png

Don't forget to add these files to your pubspec.yaml file:

flutter:
  assets:
    - assets/audio/explosion.mp3
    - assets/images/player.png
    - assets/images/enemy.png

Modules

The modular approach allows you to use any of these modules independently, or together, or as you wish.

Audio

To play an audio, just use the Flame.audio.play method:

    import 'package:flame/flame.dart';

    Flame.audio.play('explosion.mp3');

You can pre-load your audios in the beginning and avoid delays with the loadAll method:

    // in a async prepare function for your game
    await Flame.audio.loadAll(['explosion.mp3']);

Complete Audio Guide

Images

If you are using the Component module and doing something simple, you probably won't need to use these classes; use SpriteComponent or AnimationComponent instead.

If you want to load an image and render it on the Canvas, you can use the Sprite class:

    import 'package:flame/sprite.dart';

    Sprite sprite = new Sprite('player.png');

    // in your render loop
    sprite.render(canvas, width, height);

Note that the render method will do nothing while the image has not been loaded; you can check for completion using the loaded method.

Complete Images Guide

Component

This class represent a single object on the screen, being a floating rectangle or a rotating sprite.

The base abstract class has the common expected methods update and render to be implemented.

The intermediate inheritance PositionComponent adds x, y, width, height and angle to your Components, as well as some useful methods like distance and angleBetween.

The most commonly used implementation, SpriteComponent, can be created with a Sprite:

    import 'package:flame/components/component.dart';

    // on your constructor or init logic
    Sprite sprite = new Sprite('player.png');

    const size = 128.0;
    final player = new SpriteComponent.fromSprite(size, size, sprite); // width, height, sprite

    // screen coordinates
    player.x = ... // 0 by default
    player.y = ... // 0 by default
    player.angle = ... // 0 by default

    // on your render method...
    player.render(canvas); // it will render only if the image is loaded and the x, y, width and height parameters are not null

Every Component has a few other methods that you can optionally implement, that are used by the BaseGame class. If you are not using the base game, you can alternatively use these methods on your own game loop.

The resize method is called whenever the screen is resized, and in the beginning once when the component is added via the add method. You need to apply here any changes to the x, y, width and height of your component, or any other changes, due to the screen resizing. You can start these variables here, as the sprite won't be rendered until everything is set.

The destroy method can be implemented to return true and warn the BaseGame that your object is marked for destruction, and it will be remove after the current update loop. It will then no longer be rendered or updated.

The isHUD method can be implemented to return true (default false) to make the BaseGame ignore the camera for this element.

There are also other implementations:

  • The AnimationComponent takes an Animation object and renders a cyclic animated sprite (more details about Animations here)
  • The ParallaxComponent can render a parallax background with several frames
  • The Box2DComponent, that has a physics engine built-in (using the Box2D port for Dart)

Complete Components Guide

Game Loop

The Game Loop module is a simple abstraction over the game loop concept. Basically most games are built upon two methods:

  • The render method takes the canvas ready for drawing the current state of the game.
  • The update method receives the delta time in milliseconds since last update and allows you to move the next state.

The class Game can be subclassed and will provide both these methods for you to implement. In return it will provide you with a widget property that returns the game widget, that can be rendered in your app.

You can either render it directly in your runApp, or you can have a bigger structure, with routing, other screens and menus for your game.

To start, just add your game widget directly to your runApp, like so:

    main() {
        Game game = new MyGameImpl();
        runApp(game.widget);
    }

Instead of implementing the low level Game class, you should probably use the more full-featured BaseGame class.

The BaseGame implements a Component based Game for you; basically it has a list of Components and repasses the update and render calls appropriately. You can still extend those methods to add custom behavior, and you will get a few other features for free, like the repassing of resize methods (every time the screen is resized the information will be passed to the resize methods of all your components) and also a basic camera feature (that will translate all your non-HUD components in order to center in the camera you specified).

A very simple BaseGame implementation example can be seen below:

    class MyCrate extends SpriteComponent {

        // creates a component that renders the crate.png sprite, with size 16 x 16
        MyCrate() : SpriteComponent.fromSprite(16.0, 16.0, new Sprite('crate.png'));

        @override
        void resize(Size size) {
            // we don't need to set the x and y in the constructor, we can set then here
            this.x = (size.width - this.width)/ 2;
            this.y = (size.height - this.height) / 2;
        }
    }

    class MyGame extends BaseGame {
        MyGame() {
            add(new MyCrate()); // this will call resize the first time as well
        }
    }

Input

In order to handle user input, you can use the libraries provided by Flutter for regular apps: Gesture Recognizers.

However, in order to bind them, use the Flame.util.addGestureRecognizer method; in doing so, you'll make sure they are properly unbound when the game widget is not being rendered, and so the rest of your screens will work appropriately.

For example, to add a tap listener ("on click"):

    Flame.util.addGestureRecognizer(new TapGestureRecognizer()
        ..onTapDown = (TapDownDetails evt) => game.handleInput(evt.globalPosition.dx, evt.globalPosition.dy));

Where game is a reference to your game object and handleInput is a method you create to handle the input inside your game.

If your game doesn't have other screens, just call this after your runApp call, in the main method.

Complete Input Guide

Credits

  • All the friendly contributors and people who are helping in the community.
  • My own audioplayers lib, which in turn is forked from rxlabz's.
  • The Dart port of Box2D.
  • inu-no-policemen's post on reddit, which helped me a lot with the basics
  • Everyone who answered my beginner's questions on Stack Overflow

Libraries

anchor
animation
animation_component
assets_cache
audio_pool
box2d_component
component
composed_component
debug_component
flame
flame_audio
game
images
palette
parallax_component
position
profiler
resizable
sprite
svg
text_box_component
text_component
text_config
tiled_component
util
viewport