🦋 A lightweight framework for stateless UI in Flutter, and an alternative to Redux.

Marked as beta until tests are published, and Travis is set up.


UI state management in complex applications is a solved problem. Immutable application state, combined with asynchronous, functional updates, is generally the way to go.

Perhaps the most common implementation of such a pattern is Redux, which is commonly used with React.

Redux, though, comes with a lot of boilerplate, in addition to not being well-suited for an object-oriented language like Dart.

The solution outlined in flutter_state is simple - to use built-in functionality from dart:async to handle updates, and to use the InheritedWidget pattern to inject application state everywhere.


To inject an application state into the tree, simply use the ImmutableManager<T> widget.

For example:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'app_state.dart';
import 'example_app.dart';

void main() {
    initialValue: new AppState(
      title: 'Hello, immutables!',
      checked: false,
      dates: [],

To access the current value of the state, you simply need an ImmutableView<T>. The builder callback can be used to query the current state and render a view:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:flutter_state/flutter_state.dart';
import 'app_state.dart';

class TitleEditor extends StatelessWidget {
  const TitleEditor();

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ImmutableView<AppState>(
      builder: (context, immutable) {
        return TextField(
          onChanged: (title) => immutable.change((s) => s.changeTitle(title)),
          controller: new TextEditingController(text: immutable.current.title),

By using the Immutable<T>.change method, you can update the state with a modified version of the current one. However, there are often cases where you need read-only access only, and writing data is unnecessary. For such a case, call ImmutableView<T>.readOnly:

Widget build(BuildContext contet) {
  return new ImmutableView<AppState>.readOnly(
    builder: (context, state) {
      return Text(state.title);

Nesting and Properties

Redux is nice, in part because of its combineReducers functionality, which allows you to split application logic into smaller units. In Dart, this doesn't map so well, as objects need to have specific type, and the language has no concept of a spread operator.

For this, the Immutable<T> class has a method property that produces a child immutable that points to a property of the main state. This child state can also process updates, thereby triggering a change in the parent. Through the use of Immutable<T>.property, you can build infinitely-nested trees of immutable application state.

Because of how often this is used, the ImmutablePropertyManager<T> class exists:

class HomeScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ImmutableView<AppState>(
      builder: (context, immutable) {
        return Scaffold(
          body: Padding(
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
            child: Column(
              children: <Widget>[

                // We can create a child state that modifies the title.
                // By passing an `ImmutableManager<String>` pointing to this child state down the tree,
                // we can have child widgets access infinitely nested parts of a single
                // application state.
                ImmutablePropertyManager<AppState, List<DateTime>>(
                  current: (state) => state.dates,
                  child: DateView(),




Built-in types and core primitives for a Flutter application. [...]


Support for asynchronous programming, with classes such as Future and Stream. [...]
Classes and utilities that supplement the collection support in dart:core. [...]
Encoders and decoders for converting between different data representations, including JSON and UTF-8. [...]
Built-in types, collections, and other core functionality for every Dart program. [...]
Interact with developer tools such as the debugger and inspector. [...]
Mathematical constants and functions, plus a random number generator. [...]
Lists that efficiently handle fixed sized data (for example, unsigned 8 byte integers) and SIMD numeric types. [...]


File, socket, HTTP, and other I/O support for non-web applications. [...]
Concurrent programming using isolates: independent workers that are similar to threads but don't share memory, communicating only via messages. [...]