jaguar_auth

Authentication interceptors and helper functions for Jaguar. This package builds on Session infrastructure provided by jaguar.

This package provides three types of authentication:

  1. Basic auth
  2. Form auth
  3. JSON auth

And an Authorizer

User model

AuthorizationUser is the interface user models must implement to work with Authorizer and AuthModelManager.

AuthorizationUser demands that the model implements a getter named authorizationId that uniquely identifies the user. This is usually stored in session to associate session with a user.

Typically, user id, email or username is used as authorizationId.

Example

The user model User uses user-id as authorizationId. Notice that User implements AuthorizationUser interface.

class User implements AuthorizationUser {
  String id;

  String username;

  String password;

  User(this.id, this.username, this.password);

  String get authorizationId => id;
}

Model manager

AuthModelManager implements methods to fetch the user model and also to authenticate the user against a password in a username-password setup. This decouples data layer from the authentication logic. Authenticators and Authorizers use AuthModelManager to stay database agnostic.

AuthModelManager defines three methods:

  1. fetchModelByAuthenticationId fetchModelByAuthenticationId is used by authenticate method to fetch user model by authentication id. Typically, username, email or even phone number is used as authentication id.
  2. fetchModelByAuthorizationId fetchModelByAuthorizationId is used by Authorizer to identify and fetch the user model from data store.
  3. authenticate authenticate method authenticates a user given their authentication id and a passphrase. Internally, authenticate uses fetchModelByAuthenticationId to fetch the user model by authentication id from the data storage. It then verifies that the pass phrase matches the one the model has.

Example

/// Model manager to authenticate against a static list of user models
class WhiteListPasswordChecker implements AuthModelManager<User> {
  /// User models to white list
  final Map<String, User> models;

  /// Password hasher
  final Hasher hasher;

  const WhiteListPasswordChecker(Map<String, User> models, {Hasher hasher})
      : models = models ?? const {},
        hasher = hasher ?? const NoHasher();

  User authenticate(Context ctx, String username, String password) {
    User model = fetchByAuthenticationId(ctx, username);

    if (model == null) {
      return null;
    }

    if (!hasher.verify(password, model.password)) {
      return null;
    }

    return model;
  }

  User fetchByAuthenticationId(Context ctx, String authName) => models.values
      .firstWhere((model) => model.username == authName, orElse: () => null);

  User fetchByAuthorizationId(Context ctx, String sessionId) {
    if (!models.containsKey(sessionId)) {
      return null;
    }

    return models[sessionId];
  }
}


final Map<String, User> kUsers = {
  '0': new User('0', 'teja', 'word'),
  '1': new User('1', 'kleak', 'pass'),
};

final WhiteListPasswordChecker kModelManager =
    new WhiteListPasswordChecker(kUsers);

AuthModelManager implementations

Several implementation of AuthModelManager exist:

  1. MongoDB based
  2. PostgreSQL based
  3. Whitelist

Authorizer

Authorizer authorizes the requests. If the authorization fails, it responds with a 401 http error. If the authorization succeeds, it returns the user model of the authorized user.

Example

/// Collection of routes students can also access
@Api(path: '/book')
class StudentRoutes extends Object with JsonRoutes {
  JsonRepo get repo => jsonRepo;

  @Get()
  Future<Response<String>> getAllBooks(Context ctx) async {
    // Authorize. Throws 401 http error, if authorization fails!
    await Authorizer.authorize(ctx, kModelManager);

    return toJson(_books.values);
  }

  @Get(path: '/:id')
  Future<Response<String>> getBook(Context ctx) async {
    // Authorize. Throws 401 http error, if authorization fails!
    await Authorizer.authorize(ctx, kModelManager);

    String id = ctx.pathParams.get('id');
    Book book = _books[id];
    return toJson(book);
  }
}

Basic auth

BasicAuth performs authentication based on basic authentication.

It expects base64 encoded "username:password" pair in "authorization" header with "Basic" scheme.

Example

/// This route group contains login and logout routes
@Api()
class AuthRoutes extends Object with JsonRoutes {
  JsonRepo get repo => jsonRepo;

  @Post(path: '/login')
  @WrapOne(basicAuth) // Wrap basic authenticator
  Response<String> login(Context ctx) {
    final User user = ctx.getInterceptorResult<User>(BasicAuth);
    return toJson(user);
  }

  @Post(path: '/logout')
  Future logout(Context ctx) async {
    // Clear session data
    (await ctx.session).clear();
  }

  static BasicAuth basicAuth(Context ctx) => new BasicAuth(kModelManager);
}

Example client

TODO


Form auth

An authenticator for standard username password form style login. It expects a application/x-www-form-urlencoded encoded body where the username and password form fields must be called username and password respectively.

Example

/// This route group contains login and logout routes
@Api()
class AuthRoutes extends Object with JsonRoutes {
  JsonRepo get repo => jsonRepo;

  @Post(path: '/login')
  @WrapOne(formAuth)
  Response<String> login(Context ctx) {
    final User user = ctx.getInterceptorResult<User>(FormAuth);
    return toJson(user);
  }

  @Post(path: '/logout')
  Future logout(Context ctx) async {
    // Clear session data
    (await ctx.session).clear();
  }

  static FormAuth formAuth(Context ctx) => new FormAuth(kModelManager);
}

Example client

TODO

Json auth

An authenticator for standard username password login using ajax requests. It expects a application/json encoded body where the username and password fields must be called username and password respectively.

Example

/// This route group contains login and logout routes
@Api()
class AuthRoutes extends Object with JsonRoutes {
  JsonRepo get repo => jsonRepo;

  @Post(path: '/login')
  @WrapOne(jsonAuth)
  Response<String> login(Context ctx) {
    final User user = ctx.getInterceptorResult<User>(JsonAuth);
    return toJson(user);
  }

  @Post(path: '/logout')
  Future logout(Context ctx) async {
    // Clear session data
    (await ctx.session).clear();
  }

  /// The authenticator
  static JsonAuth jsonAuth(Context ctx) => new JsonAuth(kModelManager);
}

Example client

TODO

Libraries

jaguar_auth
This package contains Authenticators and Authorizers for Jaguar [...]