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Javascript Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE) library

Supports JSON Web Signature (JWS), JSON Web Encryption (JWE), JSON Web Key (JWK) and JSON Web Token (JWT).

Supported JSON Web Algorithms

This package supports a lot of the algorithms defined in the standards.

Siging algorithms for JWS

  • HS256 HMAC using SHA-256
  • HS384 HMAC using SHA-384
  • HS512 HMAC using SHA-512
  • RS256 RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-256
  • RS384 RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-384
  • RS512 RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 using SHA-512
  • ES256 ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256
  • ES384 ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384
  • ES512 ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512
  • none No digital signature or MAC

Key wrapping algorithms for JWE

  • RSA1_5 RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5
  • RSA-OAEP RSAES OAEP using default parameters
  • A128KW AES Key Wrap with default initial value using 128-bit key
  • A192KW AES Key Wrap with default initial value using 192-bit key
  • A256KW AES Key Wrap with default initial value using 256-bit key
  • dir Direct use of a shared symmetric key as the CEK

Encryption Algorithms for JWE

  • A128CBC-HS256 AES_128_CBC_HMAC_SHA_256 authenticated encryption algorithm
  • A192CBC-HS384 AES_192_CBC_HMAC_SHA_384 authenticated encryption algorithm
  • A256CBC-HS512 AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512 authenticated encryption algorithm
  • A128GCM AES GCM using 128-bit key
  • A192GCM AES GCM using 192-bit key
  • A256GCM AES GCM using 256-bit key

Usage

Decode and verify a JWS

main() async {
    var encoded = "eyJhbGciOiJFUzUxMiJ9."
      "UGF5bG9hZA."
      "AdwMgeerwtHoh-l192l60hp9wAHZFVJbLfD_UxMi70cwnZOYaRI1bKPWROc-mZZq"
      "wqT2SI-KGDKB34XO0aw_7XdtAG8GaSwFKdCAPZgoXD2YBJZCPEX3xKpRwcdOO8Kp"
      "EHwJjyqOgzDO7iKvU8vcnwNrmxYbSW9ERBXukOXolLzeO_Jn";
    
    // create a JsonWebSignature from the encoded string
    var jws = JsonWebSignature.fromCompactSerialization(encoded);
    
    // extract the payload
    var payload = jws.unverifiedPayload;
    
    print("content of jws: ${payload.stringContent}");
    print("protected parameters: ${payload.protectedHeader.toJson()}");
    
    // create a JsonWebKey for verifying the signature
    var jwk = new JsonWebKey.fromJson({
        "kty": "EC",
        "crv": "P-521",
        "x": "AekpBQ8ST8a8VcfVOTNl353vSrDCLLJXmPk06wTjxrrjcBpXp5EOnYG_"
            "NjFZ6OvLFV1jSfS9tsz4qUxcWceqwQGk",
        "y": "ADSmRA43Z1DSNx_RvcLI87cdL07l6jQyyBXMoxVg_l2Th-x3S1WDhjDl"
            "y79ajL4Kkd0AZMaZmh9ubmf63e3kyMj2",
        "d": "AY5pb7A0UFiB3RELSD64fTLOSV_jazdF7fLYyuTw8lOfRhWg6Y6rUrPA"
            "xerEzgdRhajnu0ferB0d53vM9mE15j2C"
    });
    var keyStore = new JsonWebKeyStore()..addKey(jwk);
    
    // verify the signature
    var verified = await jws.verify(keyStore);
    print("signature verified: $verified");
}

Create a JWS

main() async {
  // create a builder
  var builder = new JsonWebSignatureBuilder();

  // set the content
  builder.stringContent = "It is me";

  // set some protected header
  builder.setProtectedHeader("createdAt", new DateTime.now().toIso8601String());

  // add a key to sign, you can add multiple keys for different recipients
  builder.addRecipient(
      new JsonWebKey.fromJson({
        "kty": "oct",
        "k":
            "AyM1SysPpbyDfgZld3umj1qzKObwVMkoqQ-EstJQLr_T-1qS0gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr1Z9CAow"
      }),
      algorithm: "HS256");

  // build the jws
  var jws = builder.build();

  // output the compact serialization
  print("jws compact serialization: ${jws.toCompactSerialization()}");

  // output the json serialization
  print("jws json serialization: ${jws.toJson()}");
}

Decode and decrypt a JWE

main() async {
  var encoded = "eyJhbGciOiJSU0ExXzUiLCJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0JDLUhTMjU2In0."
      "UGhIOguC7IuEvf_NPVaXsGMoLOmwvc1GyqlIKOK1nN94nHPoltGRhWhw7Zx0-kFm"
      "1NJn8LE9XShH59_i8J0PH5ZZyNfGy2xGdULU7sHNF6Gp2vPLgNZ__deLKxGHZ7Pc"
      "HALUzoOegEI-8E66jX2E4zyJKx-YxzZIItRzC5hlRirb6Y5Cl_p-ko3YvkkysZIF"
      "NPccxRU7qve1WYPxqbb2Yw8kZqa2rMWI5ng8OtvzlV7elprCbuPhcCdZ6XDP0_F8"
      "rkXds2vE4X-ncOIM8hAYHHi29NX0mcKiRaD0-D-ljQTP-cFPgwCp6X-nZZd9OHBv"
      "-B3oWh2TbqmScqXMR4gp_A."
      "AxY8DCtDaGlsbGljb3RoZQ."
      "KDlTtXchhZTGufMYmOYGS4HffxPSUrfmqCHXaI9wOGY."
      "9hH0vgRfYgPnAHOd8stkvw";

  // create a JsonWebEncryption from the encoded string
  var jwe = JsonWebEncryption.fromCompactSerialization(encoded);

  // create a JsonWebKey for decrypting the signature
  var jwk = new JsonWebKey.fromJson(
    {
      "kty": "RSA",
      "n": "sXchDaQebHnPiGvyDOAT4saGEUetSyo9MKLOoWFsueri23bOdgWp4Dy1Wl"
          "UzewbgBHod5pcM9H95GQRV3JDXboIRROSBigeC5yjU1hGzHHyXss8UDpre"
          "cbAYxknTcQkhslANGRUZmdTOQ5qTRsLAt6BTYuyvVRdhS8exSZEy_c4gs_"
          "7svlJJQ4H9_NxsiIoLwAEk7-Q3UXERGYw_75IDrGA84-lA_-Ct4eTlXHBI"
          "Y2EaV7t7LjJaynVJCpkv4LKjTTAumiGUIuQhrNhZLuF_RJLqHpM2kgWFLU"
          "7-VTdL1VbC2tejvcI2BlMkEpk1BzBZI0KQB0GaDWFLN-aEAw3vRw",
      "e": "AQAB",
      "d": "VFCWOqXr8nvZNyaaJLXdnNPXZKRaWCjkU5Q2egQQpTBMwhprMzWzpR8Sxq"
          "1OPThh_J6MUD8Z35wky9b8eEO0pwNS8xlh1lOFRRBoNqDIKVOku0aZb-ry"
          "nq8cxjDTLZQ6Fz7jSjR1Klop-YKaUHc9GsEofQqYruPhzSA-QgajZGPbE_"
          "0ZaVDJHfyd7UUBUKunFMScbflYAAOYJqVIVwaYR5zWEEceUjNnTNo_CVSj"
          "-VvXLO5VZfCUAVLgW4dpf1SrtZjSt34YLsRarSb127reG_DUwg9Ch-Kyvj"
          "T1SkHgUWRVGcyly7uvVGRSDwsXypdrNinPA4jlhoNdizK2zF2CWQ",
      "p": "9gY2w6I6S6L0juEKsbeDAwpd9WMfgqFoeA9vEyEUuk4kLwBKcoe1x4HG68"
          "ik918hdDSE9vDQSccA3xXHOAFOPJ8R9EeIAbTi1VwBYnbTp87X-xcPWlEP"
          "krdoUKW60tgs1aNd_Nnc9LEVVPMS390zbFxt8TN_biaBgelNgbC95sM",
      "q": "uKlCKvKv_ZJMVcdIs5vVSU_6cPtYI1ljWytExV_skstvRSNi9r66jdd9-y"
          "BhVfuG4shsp2j7rGnIio901RBeHo6TPKWVVykPu1iYhQXw1jIABfw-MVsN"
          "-3bQ76WLdt2SDxsHs7q7zPyUyHXmps7ycZ5c72wGkUwNOjYelmkiNS0",
      "dp": "w0kZbV63cVRvVX6yk3C8cMxo2qCM4Y8nsq1lmMSYhG4EcL6FWbX5h9yuv"
          "ngs4iLEFk6eALoUS4vIWEwcL4txw9LsWH_zKI-hwoReoP77cOdSL4AVcra"
          "Hawlkpyd2TWjE5evgbhWtOxnZee3cXJBkAi64Ik6jZxbvk-RR3pEhnCs",
      "dq": "o_8V14SezckO6CNLKs_btPdFiO9_kC1DsuUTd2LAfIIVeMZ7jn1Gus_Ff"
          "7B7IVx3p5KuBGOVF8L-qifLb6nQnLysgHDh132NDioZkhH7mI7hPG-PYE_"
          "odApKdnqECHWw0J-F0JWnUd6D2B_1TvF9mXA2Qx-iGYn8OVV1Bsmp6qU",
      "qi": "eNho5yRBEBxhGBtQRww9QirZsB66TrfFReG_CcteI1aCneT0ELGhYlRlC"
          "tUkTRclIfuEPmNsNDPbLoLqqCVznFbvdB7x-Tl-m0l_eFTj2KiqwGqE9PZ"
          "B9nNTwMVvH3VRRSLWACvPnSiwP8N5Usy-WRXS-V7TbpxIhvepTfE0NNo"
    },
  );
  var keyStore = new JsonWebKeyStore()..addKey(jwk);

  // decrypt the payload
  var payload = await jwe.getPayload(keyStore);
  print("decrypted content: ${payload.stringContent}");
}

Create a JWE

main() async {
  // create a builder
  var builder = new JsonWebEncryptionBuilder();

  // set the content
  builder.stringContent = "This is my bigest secret";

  // set some protected header
  builder.setProtectedHeader("createdAt", new DateTime.now().toIso8601String());

  // add a key to encrypt the Content Encryption Key
  var jwk = new JsonWebKey.fromJson(
    {
      "kty": "RSA",
      "n": "sXchDaQebHnPiGvyDOAT4saGEUetSyo9MKLOoWFsueri23bOdgWp4Dy1Wl"
          "UzewbgBHod5pcM9H95GQRV3JDXboIRROSBigeC5yjU1hGzHHyXss8UDpre"
          "cbAYxknTcQkhslANGRUZmdTOQ5qTRsLAt6BTYuyvVRdhS8exSZEy_c4gs_"
          "7svlJJQ4H9_NxsiIoLwAEk7-Q3UXERGYw_75IDrGA84-lA_-Ct4eTlXHBI"
          "Y2EaV7t7LjJaynVJCpkv4LKjTTAumiGUIuQhrNhZLuF_RJLqHpM2kgWFLU"
          "7-VTdL1VbC2tejvcI2BlMkEpk1BzBZI0KQB0GaDWFLN-aEAw3vRw",
      "e": "AQAB",
      "d": "VFCWOqXr8nvZNyaaJLXdnNPXZKRaWCjkU5Q2egQQpTBMwhprMzWzpR8Sxq"
          "1OPThh_J6MUD8Z35wky9b8eEO0pwNS8xlh1lOFRRBoNqDIKVOku0aZb-ry"
          "nq8cxjDTLZQ6Fz7jSjR1Klop-YKaUHc9GsEofQqYruPhzSA-QgajZGPbE_"
          "0ZaVDJHfyd7UUBUKunFMScbflYAAOYJqVIVwaYR5zWEEceUjNnTNo_CVSj"
          "-VvXLO5VZfCUAVLgW4dpf1SrtZjSt34YLsRarSb127reG_DUwg9Ch-Kyvj"
          "T1SkHgUWRVGcyly7uvVGRSDwsXypdrNinPA4jlhoNdizK2zF2CWQ",
      "p": "9gY2w6I6S6L0juEKsbeDAwpd9WMfgqFoeA9vEyEUuk4kLwBKcoe1x4HG68"
          "ik918hdDSE9vDQSccA3xXHOAFOPJ8R9EeIAbTi1VwBYnbTp87X-xcPWlEP"
          "krdoUKW60tgs1aNd_Nnc9LEVVPMS390zbFxt8TN_biaBgelNgbC95sM",
      "q": "uKlCKvKv_ZJMVcdIs5vVSU_6cPtYI1ljWytExV_skstvRSNi9r66jdd9-y"
          "BhVfuG4shsp2j7rGnIio901RBeHo6TPKWVVykPu1iYhQXw1jIABfw-MVsN"
          "-3bQ76WLdt2SDxsHs7q7zPyUyHXmps7ycZ5c72wGkUwNOjYelmkiNS0",
      "dp": "w0kZbV63cVRvVX6yk3C8cMxo2qCM4Y8nsq1lmMSYhG4EcL6FWbX5h9yuv"
          "ngs4iLEFk6eALoUS4vIWEwcL4txw9LsWH_zKI-hwoReoP77cOdSL4AVcra"
          "Hawlkpyd2TWjE5evgbhWtOxnZee3cXJBkAi64Ik6jZxbvk-RR3pEhnCs",
      "dq": "o_8V14SezckO6CNLKs_btPdFiO9_kC1DsuUTd2LAfIIVeMZ7jn1Gus_Ff"
          "7B7IVx3p5KuBGOVF8L-qifLb6nQnLysgHDh132NDioZkhH7mI7hPG-PYE_"
          "odApKdnqECHWw0J-F0JWnUd6D2B_1TvF9mXA2Qx-iGYn8OVV1Bsmp6qU",
      "qi": "eNho5yRBEBxhGBtQRww9QirZsB66TrfFReG_CcteI1aCneT0ELGhYlRlC"
          "tUkTRclIfuEPmNsNDPbLoLqqCVznFbvdB7x-Tl-m0l_eFTj2KiqwGqE9PZ"
          "B9nNTwMVvH3VRRSLWACvPnSiwP8N5Usy-WRXS-V7TbpxIhvepTfE0NNo"
    },
  );
  builder.addRecipient(jwk, algorithm: "RSA1_5");

  // set the content encryption algorithm to use
  builder.encryptionAlgorithm = "A128CBC-HS256";

  // build the jws
  var jwe = builder.build();

  // output the compact serialization
  print("jwe compact serialization: ${jwe.toCompactSerialization()}");

  // output the json serialization
  print("jwe json serialization: ${jwe.toJson()}");
}

Decode and verify and validate a JWT

main() async {
  var encoded = "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLA0KICJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9."
      "eyJpc3MiOiJqb2UiLA0KICJleHAiOjEzMDA4MTkzODAsDQogImh0dHA6Ly9leGFt"
      "cGxlLmNvbS9pc19yb290Ijp0cnVlfQ."
      "dBjftJeZ4CVP-mB92K27uhbUJU1p1r_wW1gFWFOEjXk";

  // decode the jwt, note: this constructor can only be used for JWT inside JWS
  // structures
  var jwt = new JsonWebToken.unverified(encoded);

  // output the claims
  print("claims: ${jwt.claims}");

  // create key store to verify the signature
  var keyStore = new JsonWebKeyStore()
    ..addKey(new JsonWebKey.fromJson({
      "kty": "oct",
      "k":
          "AyM1SysPpbyDfgZld3umj1qzKObwVMkoqQ-EstJQLr_T-1qS0gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr1Z9CAow"
    }));

  var verified = await jwt.verify(keyStore);
  print("verified: $verified");

  // alternatively, create and verify the JsonWebToken together, this is also
  // applicable for JWT inside JWE
  jwt = await JsonWebToken.decodeAndVerify(encoded, keyStore);

  // validate the claims
  var violations = jwt.claims.validate(issuer: Uri.parse("alice"));
  print("violations: $violations");
}

Create a JWT


main() async {
  var claims = new JsonWebTokenClaims.fromJson({
    "exp": new Duration(hours: 4).inSeconds,
    "iss": "alice",
  });

  // create a builder, decoding the JWT in a JWS, so using a
  // JsonWebSignatureBuilder
  var builder = new JsonWebSignatureBuilder();

  // set the content
  builder.jsonContent = claims.toJson();

  // add a key to sign, can only add one for JWT
  builder.addRecipient(
      new JsonWebKey.fromJson({
        "kty": "oct",
        "k":
            "AyM1SysPpbyDfgZld3umj1qzKObwVMkoqQ-EstJQLr_T-1qS0gZH75aKtMN3Yj0iPS4hcgUuTwjAzZr1Z9CAow"
      }),
      algorithm: "HS256");

  // build the jws
  var jws = builder.build();

  // output the compact serialization
  print("jwt compact serialization: ${jws.toCompactSerialization()}");
}

Features and bugs

Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.

Libraries

jose
Javascript Object Signing and Encryption (JOSE) library