postgresql 0.3.4+1

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  • 69

PostgreSQL database driver for Dart

Build Status

Basic usage

Obtaining a connection

var uri = 'postgres://username:password@localhost:5432/database';
connect(uri).then((conn) {
	// ...

SSL connections

Set the sslmode to require by appending this to the connection uri. This driver only supports sslmode=require, if sslmode is ommitted the driver will always connect without using SSL.

var uri = 'postgres://username:password@localhost:5432/database?sslmode=require';
connect(uri).then((conn) {
	// ...


conn.query('select color from crayons').toList().then((rows) {
	for (var row in rows) {
		print(row.color); // Refer to columns by name,
		print(row[0]);    // Or by column index.


conn.execute("update crayons set color = 'pink'").then((rowsAffected) {

Query Parameters

Query parameters can be provided using a map. Strings will be escaped to prevent SQL injection vulnerabilities.

conn.query('select color from crayons where id = @id', {'id': 5})
	.then((result) { print(result); });

conn.execute('insert into crayons values (@id, @color)',
             {'id': 1, 'color': 'pink'})
	.then((_) { print('done.'); });

Closing the connection

You must remember to call Connection.close() when you're done. This won't be done automatically for you.

Conversion of Postgresql datatypes.

Below is the mapping from Postgresql types to Dart types. All types which do not have an explicit mapping will be returned as a String in Postgresql's standard text format. This means that it is still possible to handle all types, as you can parse the string yourself.

     Postgresql type                 Dart type
	boolean                         bool
	int2, int4, int8                int
	float4, float8                  double
	numeric                         String
	timestamp, timestamptz, date    Datetime
	json, jsonb                     Map/List
	All other types                 String

Mapping the results of a query to an object

class Crayon {
	String color;
	int length;

conn.query('select color, length from crayons')
	.map((row) => new Crayon()
	                     ..color = row.color
	                     ..length = row.length)
	.then((List<Crayon> crayons) {
		for (var c in crayons) {
			print(c is Crayon);

Or for an immutable object:

class ImmutableCrayon {
	ImmutableCrayon(this.color, this.length);
	final String color;
	final int length;

conn.query('select color, length from crayons')
  .map((row) => new ImmutableCrayon(row.color, row.length))
	.then((List<ImmutableCrayon> crayons) {
		for (var c in crayons) {
			print(c is ImmutableCrayon);

Query queueing

Queries are queued and executed in the order in which they were queued.

So if you're not concerned about handling errors, you can write code like this:

conn.execute("create table crayons (color text, length int)");
conn.execute("insert into crayons values ('pink', 5)");
conn.query("select color from crayons").single.then((crayon) {
	print(crayon.color); // prints 'pink'

Query streaming

Connection.query() returns a Stream of results. You can use each row as soon as it is received, or you can wait till they all arrive by calling Stream.toList().

Connection pooling

In server applications, a connection pool can be used to avoid the overhead of obtaining a connection for each request.

import 'package:postgresql/pool.dart';

main() {
  var uri = 'postgres://username:password@localhost:5432/database';
  var pool = new Pool(uri, minConnections: 2, maxConnections: 5);
  pool.start().then((_) {
    print('Min connections established.');
    pool.connect().then((conn) { // Obtain connection from pool
      conn.query("select 'oi';")
        .then((_) => conn.close()) // Return connection to pool
        .catchError((err) => print('Query error: $err'));

Example program

Add postgresql to your pubspec.yaml file, and run pub install.

name: postgresql_example
  postgresql: any
import 'package:postgresql/postgresql.dart';

void main() {
  var uri = 'postgres://testdb:password@localhost:5432/testdb';
  var sql = "select 'oi'"; 
  connect(uri).then((conn) {
    	.then((result) {
    		print('result: $result');
    	.whenComplete(() {


To run the unit tests you will need to create a database, and edit 'test/config.yaml' accordingly.

Creating a database for testing

Change to the postgres user and run the administration commands.

sudo su postgres
createuser --pwprompt testdb
  Enter password for new role: password
  Enter it again: password
  Shall the new role be a superuser? (y/n) n
  Shall the new role be allowed to create databases? (y/n) n
  Shall the new role be allowed to create more new roles? (y/n) n
createdb --owner testdb testdb

Check that it worked by logging in.

psql -h localhost -U testdb -W

Enter "\q" to quit from the psql console.



Version 0.3.4

  • Update broken crypto dependency.

Version 0.3.3

  • Fix #73 Properly encode/decode connection uris. Thanks to Martin Manev.
  • Permit connection without a password. Thanks to Jirka Daněk.

Version 0.3.2

  • Improve handing of datetimes. Thanks to Joe Conway.
  • Remove manually cps transformed async code.
  • Fix #58: Establish connections concurrently. Thanks to Tom Yeh.
  • Fix #67: URI encode db name so spaces can be used in db name. Thanks to Chad Schwendiman.
  • Fix #69: Empty connection pool not establishing connections.

Version 0.3.1+1

  • Expose column information via row.getColumns(). Credit to Jesper Håkansson for this change.

Version 0.3.0

  • A new connection pool with more configuration options.
  • Support for json and timestamptz types.
  • Utc time zone support.
  • User customisable type conversions.
  • Improved error handling.
  • Connection.onClosed has been removed.
  • Some api has been renamed, the original names are still functional but marked as deprecated.
    • import 'package:postgresql/postgresql_pool.dart' => import 'package:postgresql/pool.dart'
    • Pool.destroy() => Pool.stop()
    • The constants were upper case and int type. Now typed and lower camel case to match the style guide.
    • Connection.unhandled => Connection.messages
    • Connection.transactionStatus => Connection.transactionState

Thanks to Tom Yeh and Petar Sabev for their helpful feedback.

Use this package as a library

1. Depend on it

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

  postgresql: "^0.3.4+1"

2. Install it

You can install packages from the command line:

with pub:

$ pub get

with Flutter:

$ flutter packages get

Alternatively, your editor might support pub get or flutter packages get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

3. Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

      import 'package:postgresql/postgresql.dart';
Version Uploaded Documentation Archive
0.3.4+1 Sep 25, 2016 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.4+1 Download postgresql 0.3.4+1 archive
0.3.4 Sep 25, 2016 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.4 Download postgresql 0.3.4 archive
0.3.3 Jan 25, 2016 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.3 Download postgresql 0.3.3 archive
0.3.2 Oct 28, 2015 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.2 Download postgresql 0.3.2 archive
0.3.1+1 Jun 6, 2015 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.1+1 Download postgresql 0.3.1+1 archive
0.3.1 Jun 6, 2015 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.1 Download postgresql 0.3.1 archive
0.3.0+2 Dec 5, 2014 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.0+2 Download postgresql 0.3.0+2 archive
0.3.0+1 Dec 4, 2014 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.0+1 Download postgresql 0.3.0+1 archive
0.3.0 Dec 4, 2014 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.3.0 Download postgresql 0.3.0 archive
0.2.14 Jul 2, 2014 Go to the documentation of postgresql 0.2.14 Download postgresql 0.2.14 archive

All 24 versions...


We analyzed this package on Jun 12, 2018, and provided a score, details, and suggestions below. Analysis was completed with status completed using:

  • Dart: 2.0.0-dev.60.0
  • pana: 0.11.3


Describes how popular the package is relative to other packages. [more]
83 / 100
Code health derived from static analysis. [more]
74 / 100
Reflects how tidy and up-to-date the package is. [more]
27 / 100
Overall score:
Weighted score of the above. [more]
Learn more about scoring.


Detected platforms: Flutter, other

Primary library: package:postgresql/postgresql.dart with components: io.


  • Fix analysis and formatting issues.

    Analysis or formatting checks reported 13 errors 82 hints.

    Strong-mode analysis of lib/src/duration_format.dart failed with the following error:

    line: 21 col: 56
    The argument type '(dynamic) → dynamic' can't be assigned to the parameter type '(String) → int'.

    Strong-mode analysis of lib/src/mock/mock.dart failed with the following error:

    line: 101 col: 3
    Invalid override. The type of 'MockConnection.query' ('(String, [dynamic]) → Stream<dynamic>') isn't a subtype of 'Connection.query' ('(String, [dynamic]) → Stream<Row>').

    Similar analysis of the following files failed:

    • lib/src/mock/mock_server.dart (error)
    • lib/src/mock/mock_socket_server.dart (error)
    • lib/src/pool_impl.dart (error)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/connection.dart (error)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/query.dart (error)
    • lib/constants.dart (hint)
    • lib/pool.dart (hint)
    • lib/postgresql.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/buffer.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/pool_settings_impl.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/constants.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/messages.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/settings.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/postgresql_impl/type_converter.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/protocol.dart (hint)
    • lib/src/substitute.dart (hint)
  • Package is getting outdated.

    The package was released 89 weeks ago.

  • The description is too short.

    Add more detail about the package, what it does and what is its target use case. Try to write at least 60 characters.

  • Package is pre-v1 release.

    While there is nothing inherently wrong with versions of 0.*.*, it usually means that the author is still experimenting with the general direction API.

  • Maintain an example.

    Create a short demo in the example/ directory to show how to use this package. Common file name patterns include: main.dart, example.dart or you could also use postgresql.dart.


Package Constraint Resolved Available
Direct dependencies
Dart SDK >=0.8.10+6 <2.0.0
convert >=1.0.0 <3.0.0 2.0.1
crypto >=0.9.2 <3.0.0 2.0.3
Transitive dependencies
charcode 1.1.1
collection 1.14.10
typed_data 1.1.5
Dev dependencies
test >=0.12.0 <0.13.0
yaml >=0.9.0 <3.0.0