uri 0.11.1

URI

This package contains utilities for working with URIs in Dart, mostly parsing and generating URIs.

Build Status

##UriPattern

UriPattern is an interface for classes that match and parse URIs, much like the Pattern is for Strings. It defines the methods bool matches(Uri uri) and UriMatch match(Uri uri).

##UriMatch

UriMatch is the result of UriPattern.match(). It contains the parameters parsed out of a URI and the "rest" of the URI left over after parsing, which is useful for parsing a single URI with multiple relative URI patterns that form a hierarchy.

##UriTemplate

UriTemplate is an implementation of RFC 6570 URI Templates. URI Templates are useful for generating URIs from data. UriTemplates are created from a template string, and then expanded with data to generate a URI:

var template = new UriTemplate("http://example.com/~{user}/");
String fredUri = template.expand({'user': 'fred'});
print(fredUri); // prints: http://example.com/~fred/

###Syntax

URI templates are strings made up of fixed and variable parts. The variable parts are described with expressions, which are places within single curly-braces: { and }.

Expressions consist of an optional operator and a comma-separated list of variable_specifications. Variable specifications consist of a variable name and an optional modifier. The operator applies to the whole expression and controls how reserved characters are expanded, the prefix and separator, if any, applied to the expansion, and whether to expand the variable as a key/value pair. Modifiers apply to each variable in the expression and allow truncating the value, or "exploding" list and maps into multiple key/value pairs.

####Examples

  • http://example.com/~{username}/
  • http://example.com/dictionary/{term:1}/{term}
  • http://example.com/search{?q,lang}

####Operators

URI template expansions does more than simple variable replacement, it has facilities for generating paths, fragments, query strings and more. To control the expansion, expressions can use one of the supported operators:

OperatorDescription
noneSimple string expansion
+Reserved string expansion
#Fragment expansion
.Label expansion, dot-prefixed
/Path segments, slash-prefixed
;Path-style parameters, semicolon-prefixed
?Form-style query, ampersand-separated
&Form-style query continuation

####Modifiers

Modifiers control

ModifierDescription
noneDefault expansion
:nPrefix: use only the first n characters o the value
*"Explode" the lists and maps into key/value pairs

##UriParser

UriParser parses URIs according to a UriTemplate, extracting paramaters based on the variables defined in the template.

Since URI Templates are not designed to be parsable, only a restricted subset of templates can be used for parsing.

Parsable templates have the following restrictions over expandable templates:

  • URI components must come in order: scheme, host, path, query, fragment. There can only be one of each component.
  • Path expressions can only contain one variable.
  • Multiple expressions must be separated by a literal.
  • Only the following operators are supported: none, +, #, ?, &
  • Default and + operators are not allowed in query or fragment components.
  • Queries can only use the ? or & operator.
  • The ? operator can only be used once.
  • Fragments can only use the # operator

##UriBuilder

UriBuilder is mutable container of URI components for incrementally building Uris.

0.11.1

  • Widen dependency on package:quiver

0.10.0

  • Migrate from the unittest to the new test package.

0.9.5

  • Widen dependency on quiver
  • Widen dependency on matcher

0.9.2

  • Preserve query parameters in UriMatch.rest

1. Depend on it

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
  uri: "^0.11.1"

2. Install it

You can install packages from the command line:

$ pub get

Alternatively, your editor might support 'pub get'. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

3. Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:uri/uri.dart';

About

Utilities for building and parsing URIs

Author

Email misc@dartlang.org Dart Authors

Homepage

github.com/google/uri.dart

Documentation

www.dartdocs.org/documentation/uri/0.11.1/

Source code (hyperlinked)

www.crossdart.info/p/uri/0.11.1/

Uploader

justinfagnani@google.com
sethladd@google.com
dgrove@google.com
kevmoo@google.com
kustermann@google.com

Published

Aug 1, 2017

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